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Fedyah (Fidya) in Islam 2024: Compensating Missed Fasts with Compassion

30th January 2024

Fedyah (Fidya) is a provision in Islam for individuals unable to fast during Ramadan due to genuine reasons such as old age, illness, or disability. Those unable to fast due to temporary circumstances like illness or travel are required to make up for the missed fasts at a later time when able. The compensatory amount for Fedyah (Fidya) is equivalent to feeding a disadvantaged person two full meals for a day or providing enough whole wheat to suffice for two meals, based on the local cost of wheat. Temporary exemptions from fasting include illness, travel, pregnancy, and breastfeeding, while permanent exemptions are granted for old age-related infirmities or chronic illnesses. Donations for Fedyah (Fidya) can be conveniently made online, with the set amount for Ramadan 2024 being $5 for each unobserved fast, emphasising the importance of Ramadan in Islam and the compassionate nature of Fedyah (Fidya).

Key Takeaways:

  • Fedyah (Fidya) Provision: Fedyah (Fidya) is a provision in Islam for those unable to fast during Ramadan due to genuine reasons such as old age, illness, or disability. It involves compensating for missed fasts by feeding a less fortunate individual for each day of fasting that couldn't be observed.
  • Temporary and Permanent Exemptions: Temporary exemptions from fasting include illness, travel, pregnancy, and breastfeeding, where individuals are not required to pay a compensation fee (fidyah) for their missed fasting days. Permanent exemptions involve old age-related infirmities or chronic illnesses, and individuals need to offer a compensatory fee (fidyah) for each missed day but are not obligated to make up for the missed fasts.
  • Amount and Disbursement: The amount for Fedyah (Fidya) in Ramadan 2024 is $5 for each unobserved fast, which should be sufficient to offer two meals to one individual or one meal to two individuals. Fedyah (Fidya) should ideally be disbursed before the fast it compensates for is due, and donations can be made conveniently online.
Key Takeaways

Ramadan fasting in Islam

A fundamental pillar of Islam, Ramadan fasting holds great significance for Muslims worldwide. It is a time of spiritual reflection, self-discipline, and increased devotion to worship. Muslims fast from dawn until sunset, abstaining from food, drink, smoking, and marital relations, as a means of purifying the soul and developing empathy for those less fortunate.

Temporary exemptions from fasting

One is temporarily exempt from fasting in Islam if they are ill, traveling, pregnant, or breastfeeding. These individuals are not required to fast during Ramadan and can make up for the missed fasts at a later time when their circumstances allow. However, if the missed fasts cannot be made up, they are obligated to offer a compensatory fee (fidyah) for each day missed, which is used to feed a less privileged individual.

Permanent exemptions from fasting

From the beginning of puberty, individuals who suffer from chronic illnesses or are elderly and unable to fast due to infirmities are permanently exempt from fasting in Ramadan. While they are not required to fast, they must offer a compensatory fee (fidyah) for each missed day, as a means of providing for the less fortunate and upholding the principles of Ramadan.

It is important to note that Fedyah (Fidya) is obligatory for those unable to fast due to reasons like illness or old age, making it impossible for them to make up for the missed fasts later. The underprivileged and needy are the rightful beneficiaries of Fedyah (Fidya), similar to sakat.

Fedyah (Fidya) in Islam

Some individuals in the Islamic faith are unable to observe fasting during Ramadan due to valid reasons such as old age, illness, or disability. In such cases, Fedyah (Fidya) serves as a provision to compensate for the missed fasts by providing meals to those in need.

Purpose and concept

Fedyah (Fidya) in Islam serves the purpose of allowing individuals who are legitimately unable to fast during Ramadan to fulfill their religious obligations by providing for those less fortunate. The concept is rooted in compassion and social responsibility, emphasising the importance of caring for the vulnerable members of the community.

The calculation of Fedyah (Fidya) amount is based on the prevailing cost of wheat in one's local area. For instance, the set amount for Fedyah (Fidya) in Ramadan 2024 is $5 for each unobserved fast, which should be sufficient to offer two meals to one individual or one meal to two individuals.

Beneficiaries of Fedyah (Fidya)

An important aspect of Fedyah (Fidya) is that its primary beneficiaries are the underprivileged and needy members of society. It is similar to sakat in its focus on providing assistance to those who require support, thereby fostering a sense of community and solidarity among believers.

Any individual unable to fast due to reasons such as illness or old age is eligible to receive Fedyah (Fidya) as a means of support. The underprivileged and needy are the rightful recipients of this provision, ensuring that they are provided for during Ramadan.

Kaffarah in Islam

Not fasting in Ramadan without a valid reason is a serious matter in Islam, and it requires the payment of Kaffarah as a form of atonement. Kaffarah is due when a fast is deliberately broken without any genuine reason, and its compensation is much more severe than Fedyah (Fidya). The person who breaks a fast without valid reason must feed 60 needy individuals as a form of expiation. This is a significant obligation and emphasises the sanctity of fasting in Islam. Kaffarah serves as a reminder of the importance of Ramadan and the seriousness of deliberately violating the fast.

Fulfilling Fedyah (Fidya) obligations

For those unable to fast during Ramadan due to valid reasons such as old age, illness, or disability, fulfilling the Fedyah (Fidya) obligations is a necessary practice in Islam. It involves compensating for each missed fast by providing sustenance to a less fortunate individual.

Disbursing Fedyah (Fidya)

For the proper fulfillment of Fedyah (Fidya) obligations, it is essential to ensure that the compensation reaches the deserving recipients. This can be achieved by identifying local communities or organisations that assist the underprivileged and directing the Fedyah (Fidya) contributions towards them. It is important to verify the reliability and credibility of the chosen channels for disbursing Fedyah (Fidya) to guarantee that it serves its intended purpose.

Online donation options

To facilitate the ease of fulfilling Fedyah (Fidya) obligations, online donation options provide a convenient way to contribute towards feeding those in need. Through established platforms, individuals can make their Fedyah (Fidya) donations with transparency and trust, ensuring that the funds reach the deserving recipients efficiently. By utilising online donation options, the process of fulfilling Fedyah (Fidya) obligations becomes accessible and efficient, aligning with the digitised world's convenience.

Fedyah (Fidya) donations can be made conveniently online, allowing individuals to fulfill their religious obligations with ease and efficiency. AusRelief.org provides the platform to collect Fedyah (Fidya) and distribute it to the right needy and deserving persons, ensuring that the underprivileged receive the necessary sustenance during Ramadan.

Importance of Ramadan in Islam

Now, let's delve into the significance of Ramadan in Islam. Ramadan is the ninth month of the Islamic lunar calendar and holds great importance for Muslims worldwide. It is a time of spiritual reflection, self-discipline, and heightened devotion. Fasting during Ramadan is considered one of the Five Pillars of Islam, making it a fundamental religious obligation for adult Muslims.

Fasting requirements and obligations

Any adult Muslim who is of sound mind and body is required to fast from dawn to sunset during the entire month of Ramadan, abstaining from food, drink, smoking, and conjugal relations. The fast is a means of cultivating self-discipline, self-restraint, and empathy for the less fortunate. Fasting in Ramadan is an obligatory act of worship, fulfilling a fundamental duty towards Allah and expressing gratitude for His blessings.

Additionally, fasting is not just about abstaining from physical needs; it also involves refraining from negative behaviors such as lying, gossiping, arguing, and any other form of immoral conduct. This spiritual detoxification aims to purify the soul and strengthen one's relationship with Allah.

Compensations for missed fasting

Fasting in Ramadan must be observed unless there are valid reasons for exemption, such as illness, travel, pregnancy, or breastfeeding. Any missed fasts due to these genuine reasons must be compensated through Fedyah (Fidya) - providing meals to the less fortunate. Fasting in Ramadan is taken seriously, and the compensations for missed fasting emphasise the importance of upholding this pillar of Islam.

With specific circumstances such as old age-related infirmities or chronic illnesses, permanent exemptions from fasting are granted, and Fedyah (Fidya) becomes obligatory for each missed day. This ensures that those unable to fast due to genuine reasons can still fulfill their religious obligations and support individuals in need through the provision of Fedyah (Fidya).

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AusRelief.org and Fedyah (Fidya) collection

To ensure the proper collection and distribution of Fedyah (Fidya) during Ramadan, AusRelief.org is here to assist and facilitate the process. Our organisation is dedicated to helping those in need by collecting Fedyah (Fidya) from individuals who are unable to fast due to genuine reasons. We understand the importance of fulfilling this obligation in Islam and make it convenient for you to fulfill your duty.

Final Words

With these considerations, Fedyah (Fidya) serves as a crucial provision in Islam for individuals unable to fast during Ramadan due to valid reasons such as illness, old age, or disability. It provides a means for them to fulfill their religious obligations by compensating for the missed fasts through feeding the less fortunate. The prescribed amount for Fedyah (Fidya) and the exemptions for temporary and permanent conditions ensure that the religious duty is fulfilled with compassion and understanding.

It is important to emphasise the significance of Ramadan in Islam and the mandatory compensations like Fedyah (Fidya) for missed fasts without a valid reason. AusRelief.org provides a valuable platform for collecting Fedyah and distributing it to the rightful beneficiaries, aligning with the principles of sakat and serving the needy. In the modern world, the digitised process of making donations online makes it convenient for individuals to fulfill their religious obligations while contributing to the welfare of the community. Overall, the concept of Fedyah (Fidya) embodies the spirit of compassion and social responsibility within the framework of Islamic faith.

FAQ about Fedyah (Fidya) in Islam

Q: What is Fedyah (Fidya) in Islam?

A: Fedyah (Fidya) is a provision in Islam for those unable to fast during Ramadan due to genuine reasons such as old age, illness, or disability. The missed fasts can be compensated by feeding a less fortunate individual for each day of fasting that couldn't be observed.

Q: What is the amount for Fedyah (Fidya) and how is it calculated?

A: The amount for Fedyah (Fidya) is equivalent to feeding a disadvantaged person two full meals for a day or providing enough whole wheat to suffice for two meals. The rate for Fedyah (Fidya) is based on the prevailing cost of wheat in one's local area. The set amount for Fedyah (Fidya) in Ramadan 2024 is $5 for each unobserved fast.

Q: What are the differences between Fedyah (Fidya) and Kaffarah in Islam?

A: Fedyah (Fidya) is given when a fast is missed for a valid reason, while Kaffarah is due when a fast is deliberately broken without any genuine reason. Fedyah (Fidya) requires feeding one person, while Kaffarah requires feeding 60 people. Fedyah (Fidya) is obligatory for those unable to fast due to reasons like illness or old age, making it impossible for them to make up for the missed fasts later.

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